count
参考消息

【媒库文选】沉浸式水族馆设计的秘诀

2018-08-15 13:52:11 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:王天僚
家犬在这一地区与人类共同生活了上万年之后,于万年前开始向西迁徙。

核心提示:在田纳西水族馆,游客们穿过了一个又一个不断变换的生态系统,里面栖息着河獭、蝾螈和艳丽的太阳鱼。

The Secrets Behind Immersive Aquarium Design

沉浸式水族馆设计的秘诀

Oscar Holland 奥斯卡·霍兰

At the Tennessee Aquarium, visitors pass through a series of changing ecosystems inhabited by river otters,salamanders and brightly colored sunfish. The experience has been specifically designed to replicate the route taken by the neighboring Tennessee River, which flows from the Appalachian Mountains down to the Gulf of Mexico.

The attraction, located in Chattanooga, was once the world's largest freshwater aquarium, though it now pales in comparison to the gargantuan oceanariums of China and the Middle East.

But the secret to good aquarium design is not all about size - it's about telling a story, according to one of the architects behind the project.

“The Tennessee Aquarium is really the story of the Tennessee River,” said Peter Sollogub, associate principal at the architecture firm Cambridge Seven, in a phone interview.

“We look for stories that can take a collection of animals and orchestrate them into a larger experience. It's like a film, a piece of music or a book - you progress through it and, when you leave, you feel as if you've gone on a comprehensible journey.”

Having started out working on the New England Aquarium in the 1960s, Sollogub is a veteran in the aquarium world. He has since helped create public facilities across the US, as well as in Italy, Portugal and Japan.

The first priority is always, he said, the fish themselves. But when it comes to visitors' experiences,the design process revolves around how - and where -people encounter them. Most aquariums are built in a “linear” way, meaning that visitors rarely deviate from a set path.

“Take the splendor of jellyfish or the wonder of penguins - things that are spectacular unto themselves,” Sollogub said. “What we try to do is enhance them by developing encounters in which you pass through them, or see them swimming over and under you, or at different levels.”

For architect James Hampton, a crucial element of design is what he calls the "wow factor." This seems like an apt way to describe the walk-through tunnel at Dubai Mall's 2.6-million-gallon aquarium - a project Hampton was involved in - a 157-foot-long passage with 270-degree views of fish in the surrounding water.

Creating naturalistic environments, whether through rocks or artificial coral, is central to the art of aquarium design. Keeping out sunlight is also a priority,as it can produce algae and unwanted reflections. These considerations not only provide marine life with more realistic habitats, but they encourage people to enter an all-important state of suspended disbelief.

Since the first so-called “shark tunnel” was built in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1985, walk-throughs and large viewing screens have become an industry standard.

“With the ‘old-style’ aquariums, visitors would pay their 10 dollars, have an hour or so looking through these‘picture frames’ at the exhibits, and then they'd walk out,” Hampton said. “Generally, they've had a good experience, but now it's much more immersive.”

“When you walk into a cinema, you want to be wowed by the big screen and intense color right there in your face - and that's what we try and do, with as much acrylic as possible, so you really feel the environment that you're in.”

Both Hampton and Sollogub see these tools as a means to an end. The ultimate goal is to create an emotional connection between humankind and nature. This in turn, Sollogub said, informs the educative approach that underpins aquarium design.

“The greatest part of working on aquariums is bringing guests to places they have never encountered before,” he said. “They were as wide-eyed as you can imagine, and that's really what it's all about.”

“I think aquariums are education at its purest. You're not telling people what to think, you're allowing them to feel it and experience it - to become part of it.”

在田纳西水族馆,游客们穿过了一个又一个不断变换的生态系统,里面栖息着河獭、蝾螈和艳丽的太阳鱼。这种体验经过了专门设计,为的是复制毗邻的田纳西河所流经的路线,从阿巴拉契亚山脉南下到墨西哥湾。

下一页:【媒库文选】何不重拾尺牍情

凡注明“来源:参考消息网”的所有作品,未经本网授权,不得转载、摘编或以其他方式使用。

精品推荐

排行榜

  1. 1英媒:“只管去做” 中国企业让沃尔沃起死回
  2. 2中美还有机会避免贸易战吗?外媒:相互妥协为
  3. 3外媒:中国反击美国贸易战箭在弦上
  4. 4外媒:中国反制美关税措施有理有力 美方举措“
  5. 5日媒感叹:中国车突然甩开山寨路线 设计跻身
  6. 6以一敌多胜算几何?外媒:特朗普铁心要打全球
  7. 7美媒评美国悍然发动对华贸易战:正在重蹈历史
  8. 8澳媒文章:贸易利润流向他国 美瞄准对华逆差
  9. 9美媒文章:美高估自身贸易谈判筹码 他国绕道
  10. 10为世界杯顺利开幕,俄罗斯在阿里找到中国女工
友情链接: 许愿系统 这个世界由我来守护 超凡入异 饮然醉语 起风了1997 吞噬星空幻想篇 我的小名叫妲己 异世灵者传 揽玄 茅山传人在学校 春风十里,荠麦青青 坤帝 我的至尊老师 最强系统之诸天强盗 我真的受够轮回啦 东方神传 文侠乌龙传 守护者次元游 我与鬼夫的约定 湖村诡匠 哥在北宋开个门 神族之重生篇 昔日古镇 氪命文娱 陨灭八园 白醉 噩耗游戏 民间闹鬼事件 重回少年时光 富首神豪系统 临天玄神 傻三刘的生日 问道经年 离恨决 仙之苍苍 元武界主 傲苍天,笑痴情 重返百年 兽横天下 行于:境界线 剑指苍莽 英雄幽梦风云起 镇皇经 怯妄 武世枭雄 冢火 修真界的小企鹅 枢秘 修士战记风云 刀剑契者行 我的万能神仙红包群 都市最强选项系统 天命说 王者荣耀之王者回归 总有个坑想埋我 瘟冥蛊国 逆天玄神之风云传 倒置的溯语 拾散 酒战仙 一家三代人不同的生活岁月 百阅阁 莫问南宫 飞剑修仙传 人间尽头 末日之初始 腹黑少爷惹不起,赶紧躲 少年的幻想世界 仙游缘起 英雄联盟之李青传 山海乾坤录 明天你就长大了 重回明朝当暴君 一个人心中的善与恶 白袍复生 神将纪 灵霄古镜 追着碎片跑遍世界 超神学院之这个杀手不太冷 三间记 史诗穿越 以吾之名,许你一生一世 在无限空间中当卧底 无限传说之永恒纪元 我就是大罗金仙 武圣派 倾城绝恋要逆天 网游之黑暗进化 钥界咖啡馆 最强妖孽战狼 数学之神 龙珠之强者 昨日乡村 我的忍者世界不可能那么可爱 第七法门 我的男友范丞丞 小楼旧草 光暗秩序 纪幻游弋 四十八域 穿越到舰娘世界 天煞孤幽 这个季节,别有情绪 寻灵之魂迷断龙谷 天使的梦境 神将降临 变身马猴烧酒 蜕变的爱恋 我只为成仙尊 铠甲勇士复活之战 浮天灵圣 我的道士生涯 华夏小道士 原始型号 进化之鲜血之路 斗罗大陆之天星狼 乎大云梦 并蒂双生,花开映月 凯修我的世界的穿越 叛古 聊斋之我的女儿白素贞 修真博士 我是雷震子 我的影子穿越了 重生之我是巅峰大Boss 仙梦惊醒记 逆仙武癫 愿生命中的每一刻都有你 末世之神话重现 万界原典 全民神仙 我们也是人 异世之神帝修炼系统 圣女可能是汉子 士兵大千的穿越笔记 贴身兵王保镖 三道大劈缝 末日之霸气横行 异器 重临八荒 文艺之我的1990 永恒之金 凡人也不凡 佛祖崇道 浮生苍羽 凌虚剑萧萧 超神学院之千年 皇武战纪 全职帝少 角色球员 战神联盟之音曦血恋 天道无情人间有爱 当年月下当年荒 实业帝国 捕猎高手 冰山总裁:娇妻别跑 TF家族我最温暖的陪伴 卦法三千 世界进化史 帝风万里 苍穹光芒 逆天遨游与天齐 梦境之天罗地网 灵斗修罗 灵狐醉三生 异瞳佣兵 腹黑竹马追妻路 平凡美妙仙旅 末世惊变录 行者——在路上 王牌大娃 八荒神卷 重铸三界天 我的式神都很萌 逍遥爷 至尊系统之冷面战神 灵晶儿 我们的小小生活 拳皇异世传 创世之荒岛